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The Importance of Numerical Reasoning

Posted by Eric Friedman


'>numerical reasoning

The ability to think critically and use numerical reasoning skills has become much more important in the workforce in recent years. To that end, psychometric testing can be a big help in determining whether a given individual has what’s needed for a specific position, by measuring the following applicant characteristics:

  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Personality types

Numerical reasoning ability is one of the most basic skill areas, one that exists in small children well before they are taught mathematics in school. Numerical reasoning tests, also known as data interpretation or numerical critical reasoning tests, involve evaluating situations and drawing conclusions from the data provided to assess one or several of the following:

  • Critical thinking ability
  • Basic or general arithmetic operations
  • Ability to perform estimates
  • Ability to analyze graphs and other data
  • Level of speed in making analyses or assessments
  • Level of concentration in solving problems

It’s considered to be one of the most basic skills needed in today’s data-driven marketplace, and without strong numerical reasoning skills, it would be difficult to succeed in many jobs today. Many fields benefit from this type of testing, including most clerical and administrative jobs, jobs found in the craft and technical field at any level, and even positions in police or fire departments, or in the military field.

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Assessments that measure job applicants’ ability to use and respond to numerical data in the context of the work environment are the best way to measure these important skills. Along with critical thinking, numerical reasoning ability is considered to be a very important skill for close to a hundred occupations, from accountant to management analyst, as well as  a necessary skill for many other positions.

Numerical reasoning is a higher-order thinking skill and an important factor in assessing work performance. Usually, numerical thinking skills are measured using one or several of the following methods:

  • Arithmetics
  • Graph interpretation
  • Manipulating data
  • Patterns and relevant information
  • Table interpretation

Higher-order numerical reasoning skills go beyond traditional arithmetic skills such as adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing. Interpreting data provided in graphs and charts involves understanding the data presented and then being able to manipulate or apply that information.  Careful and accurate comprehension of the data, regardless of the format it may be presented in, is the key. Deciphering patterns and determining relevant information is another aspect of numerical reasoning that is very useful in jobs involving analysis and making predictions of any sort.

Many people who don’t use numerical operations very often feel intimidated by these types of tests. What you need to remember is that you don’t need a high level of mathematical study to get a good result in these tests, because basically they measure your reasoning abilities and not your mathematical knowledge, and remember also that your test performance can surely be improved through practice.

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About Eric Friedman


Eric Friedman is the founder and CEO of eSkill Corporation, a leading provider of online skills assessment for pre-employment selection and training. Since 2003, eSkill has tested millions of job candidates for employers worldwide such as Zappos, ADP, Coca-Cola, Randstad, and GE. With academic degrees in Psychology and Business, and experience with both mature and expansion-stage company growth, Eric has focused on how to hire and motivate team members to be the best they can be for their roles.
To learn more about Eric and eSkill, visit the company website at www.eskill.com , or contact him on LinkedIn.

8 COMMENTS Join the discussion
  • Paul February, 05, 2013

    Numerical reasoning has always been considered an important skill and people never stopped valuing a quick wit even after all the technical marvels have appeared.

  • Patrick February, 07, 2013

    I agree with Paul, but I think this article is aimed exactly at that audience who think that there’s no necessity in ability to count in head since we have so many fancy and smart gadgets to do it.

  • Melissa February, 15, 2013

    I should read this post to my son, cause he wouldn’t even bother trying to solve a problem himself is he can google it.

  • Bill Schmidt September, 13, 2013

    What jobs are recommended for people high in numeric reasoning abilities.

  • Hutius June, 06, 2017

    Are these numerical reasoning skills being used when your learners are applying number, measuring, or data handling skills?

  • Eric June, 06, 2017

    Hello Hutius, the tests we have, cover several topics including Graph and Table Interpretation, Patterns and relevant info, Arithmetic and Manipulating Data.

  • geomineral.ru June, 08, 2017

    These competences are targeted within PISA assessments and may be useful in identifying ways we might expect to see learners working mathematically or using numerical reasoning skills.


Guest June, 08, 2017